A spatial econometric approach to EU regional disparities between economic and geographical periphery
AbstractA conditional β-convergence model and a distance-based weight matrix are used to analyse the economic convergence among European NUTS-2 regions over the period 1980-2006. A Spatial Autoregressive Model which identifies two spatial regimes and spatial dependence finds that the convergence process among EU regions is affected by polarization into two clusters defined both on a geographical and economic criterion, which converge at different rates towards different steady states. This result confirms the hypothesis that a methodology which uses spatial econometric techniques is needed to model spatial effects, and that otherwise the estimates are likely to be inefficient or even biased.
L. ANSELIN, (1988), Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Models. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
L. ANSELIN, A. K. BERA, R. FLORAX, M. J. YOON, (1996), Simple diagnostic tests for spatial dependence, Regional, “Science and Urban Economics”, 26, pp. 77-104.
L. ANSELIN, (2005), Exploring Spatial Data with GeoDa: A Workbook, Centre for Spatially Integrated Social Sciences.
G. ARBIA, (2006), Spatial Econometrics. Berlin Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag.
G. ARBIA, M. BATTISTI, G. DI VAIO, (2010), Institutions and geography: Empirical test of spatial growth models for European regions, “Economic Modelling”, vol. 27, 1, pp. 12-21.
R. J. BARRO, (1991), Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries, “The Quarterly Journal of Economics”, Vol. 106, No. 2, pp. 407-443.
R. BARRO, X. SALA-I-MARTIN, (1991), Convergence across states and regions, “Brookings Papers on Economic Activity”, pp. 107-182.
R. BARRO, X. SALA-I-MARTIN, (1992), Convergence, “Journal of Political Economy”, 100, pp. 223-251.
R. BARRO, X. SALA-I-MARTIN, (1995), Economic Growth. McGraw-Hill, Inc.
M. BATTISTI, G. DI VAIO, (2008), A spatially filtered mixture of β-convergence regressions for EU regions, 1980-2002, “Empirical Economics”, 34, pp. 105-121.
W. J. BAUMOL, (1986), Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-Run Data Show, “The American Economic Review”, vol. 75, n. 5, pp. 1072-1085.
C. BAUMONT, C. ERTUR, J. LE GALLO, (2001), A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Geographic Spillovers and Growth for European Regions, 1980-1995, Working Paper n.2001-04, LATEC UMRCNRS 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
K. J. BUTTON, E. J. PENTECOST, (1999), Regional Economic Performance within European Union, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.
COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) 2081/93.
COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) 1260/99.
COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) 1083/06.
S. DALL’ERBA, J. LE GALLO, (2008), Regional Convergence and the Impact of European Structural Funds over 1989-1999: A Spatial Econometric Analysis, “Papers in Regional Science”, vol. 87, n. 2, pp. 219-244.
C. ERTUR, J. LE GALLO, C. BAUMONT, (2006), The European Regional Convergence Process, 1980- 1995: Do Spatial Regimes and Spatial Dependence Matter?, “International Regional Science Review”, vol. 29, pp. 3-34.
R. ESPOSTI, S. BUSSOLETTI, (2008), Impact of Objective 1 Funds on Regional Growth Convergence in the European Union: A Panel-data Approach, “Regional Studies”, vol. 42, n. 2, pp. 159-173.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION, (1996), First report on economic and social cohesion. Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION, (2001), Second report on economic and social cohesion. Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
B. FINGLETON, (1999), Estimates of Time to Economic Convergence: An Analysis of Regions of the European Union, “International Regional Science Review”, 22, pp.5-34.
J. P. FITOUSSI, (2006), Democrazia e Mercato in “Argomenti”, n° 17, pp. 5-11.
A.O. HIRSCHMAN, (1958), The Strategy of Economic Development, New Haven, Yale University Press.
P. KRUGMAN, (1991), Geography and Trade. Cambridge, MIT Press.
J. LE GALLO, S. DALL’ERBA, (2006), Evaluating the temporal and spatial heterogeneity of the European Convergence Process, 1980-1999, “Journal of Regional Science”, Vol. 46, n. 2, 2006, pp. 269-288.
R. LEONARDI, (1995), Convergence, cohesion and integration in the European Union. New York, St. Martin’s Press.
H. LI, C. A. CALDER, N. CRESSIE, (2007), Beyond Moran’s I: Testing for Spatial Dependence Based on the Spatial Autoregressive Model, “Geographical Analysis”, 39, pp. 357-375.
E. LÓPEZ-BAZO, E. VAYÀ, A. J. MORA, J. SURIÑACH, (1999), Regional economic dynamics and convergence in the EU, “The Annals of regional Science”, 33, pp. 343-370.
E. LÓPEZ-BAZO, E. VAYÀ, M. ARTIS, (2004), Regional Externalities and Growth: Evidence from European Regions, “Journal of Regional Science”, 44, pp. 43-73.
P.A.P. MORAN, (1950), Notes on Continuous Stochastic Phenomena, “Biometrika”, 37, pp. 17-33.
T. MUCCIGROSSO, (2010), I fattori della crescita regionale nell’Unione europea. Un modello basato sulla spesa per le politiche, “Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno”, n. 1-2, pp. 141-178.
G. MYRDAL, (1957), Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, Gerald Duckworth, London.
G. OTTAVIANO, D. PUGA, (1998), Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the New Economic Geography, “The World Economy”, 21(6), pp. 707-731.
G. PIRAS, G. ARBIA, J. LE GALLO, (2006), A meta analysis of regional economic convergence of the NUTS-2 European regions, 1977-2002, paper presented at the 45th European Congress of the European Regional Sciences Association (ERSA).
G. PIRAS, G. ARBIA, (2007), Convergence in per-capita GDP across EU-NUTS2 regions using panel data models extended to spatial autocorrelation effects, “Statistica”, anno LXVII, n. 2, pp. 157-172.
J. RAMAJO, M. A. MARQUEZ, G. J. D. HEWINGS, M. M. SALINAS, (2008), Spatial Heterogeneity and Regional Spillovers in the European Union: Do cohesion policies encourage convergence across regions?, “European Economic Review”, n. 52, pp. 551-567.
A. RODRÍGUEZ-POSE, U. FRATESI, (2004), Between Development and Social Policies: The impact of European Structural Funds in Objective 1 Regions, “Regional Studies”, 38:1, pp. 97-113.
X. SALA-I-MARTIN, (1996), The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis, “The Economic Journal”, vol. 106, n. 437, pp. 1019-1036.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2012 Statistica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.