R. A. Fisher. The relevance of the genetical theory of natural selection
AbstractStarting from the main statement that “. . . natural selection is not evolution. . . ”, R.A. Fisher built the foundation of the genetic theory of population in his famous work Genetical Theory of Natural Selection (1930). He rewrote the scientific paradigm proposed by Darwin in statistical terms using the calculus of probability and, most importantly, statistics. The key to his formal transposition is in the analysis of variance inwhich Fisher interpreted as phenomenical variability by means of random variability: this completely original result would become a fundamental chapter of statisticalmethod. It is not by chance that at the same time he published his statistical method for research workers in which the analysis of variance dominated his primary elements of the design of experiments.
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